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Outline of Turks: The Western Turks - Awars


The Western Turks and the "Sword of the God of War"

The West Huns, descendents of the Asia Huns who lived in the Turkistan region and around Lake Aral, left their homeland due to the pressure exerted by the Uars and migrated west of the Volga. After Başbuğu (commander-in-chief) Balamir defeated the East Goths and attacked the West Goths, the Visigoths fled westward with the Hun soldiers in pursuit. This is how the "Tribal Migration", that changed the ethnic composition of Europe, all the way to Spain which caused turmoil in the Northern Districts of the Roman Empire, began.

In 434, Atilla assumed control of the West Hun Empire which is the first known Turkish State established in Europe. During Atilla’s reign, the barbarian tribes of Europe were defeated, even Byzantium and Rome submitted and the borders of the West Hun empire expanded from the shores of the Rhine river to those of the Volga river. The Christian world even believed that the God of War, Aries, had given his sword to Atilla. With this sword the authority to conquer and rule the world was given to Atilla.

Atilla who died in 453 went down in history as the most famous and skillful commander of all time. This great commander became a legend-like figure and tales of his achievements spread throughout Europe. Atilla became the subject of books, poems, novels, paintings, operas and sculptures. With Atilla’s death, the incursion of Turks in Europe subsided.

The West Huns were pioneers in opening up the way to Europe for the Turks, who not only took their culture and civilization to Europe but also protected those civilizations that were threatened by barbarian tribes in Europe. This resulted in a migration from Asia to Europe that would last for 900 years.Up


A second Turkish tribe that was respected and feared in Europe was the Avars who followed the West Huns.

The Avars, who left their homeland in Central Asia and escaped towards the West when the Göktürk State was founded in 552, played an important role in European history. They first came to Caucasia and the north of the Black Sea, and fought against and defeated the Turkish tribes such as the Sabirs and Onogurs. They went all the way to the banks of the Danube River. They frequently went to the Balkans. They founded a civilization that spanned from present day Yugoslavia to Germany. They reigned over the Slavs in the Danube area and the Bulgarians living on the shores of the Black Sea. During the reign of their commander Bayan Kağan Khan, the borders of the Avar Empire stretched from the Dnieper River to the Elbe River and from the North Sea to the Adriatic coast. They laid siege to İstanbul in 626 with the Bulgarian Turks. The first Turks in history to lay siege to İstanbul were the Avars. The constant attacks of the French Emperor Charlamagne which began in 791 and lasted 15 years, diminished the power of the Avars. They wished to settle in the plateau between the Danube and the Tizsa rivers. The French attacks continued and the Avar group dispersed in the Balkans. In 805, they lost their national identity. Up



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Last modified: 2023-10-28


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