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Click on the name of a city
on the Map of Turkey
(or on the Navigation Pane) to read
the time line and city guide of Turkey.
Anatolia-the heartland of Modern Turkey is that region lying to the south of the Black
Sea, to the east of the Aegean Sea, north of the eastern Mediterranean Sea
and, inland, the Fertile Crescent, and west of the Caucasus-Azerbaijani
districts. A very roughly hewn upland region for the most part, it has
been both a home and a highway for a bewildering variety of peoples for as
long as there have been humans.
This list (Ancient (Turkish) Cities) will
give a brief overview of Anatolian chronology from the earliest times to the
present. It does not pretend to be complete in any sense; Anatolia is a very
large area, and though there have been times, like the present, when it has been
completely unified, there have also been many times when fragmented local
nations were the rule. In such instances, I have either listed the most
significant among local conditions, or simply indicated a general period of
local conditions. Even during times of union with large Empires, very often
outlying districts were partially or completely autonomous; read Xenophon's Persian Expedition for an insight into conditions obtaining in the
Anatolian highlands of the Persian Empire, during the winter of 401/400 BCE.
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