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Denizli

 

 

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Denizli

   
   

Situated in the inner part of the Aegean Region, is Denizli, a tourism city with its numerous beauty.

Dating back to the Calcholithic age, this was the site of a settlement of the earliest communities, and changed hands continuously, becoming the center of various civilizations in different time periods. The ancient city of Laodikeia is here, within the borders of Denizli, with its ruins awaiting for the sightseers. In addition to Triopolis which was known as the center of bishops, while Christianity spread. Hierapolis is another Ancient City, being a historical treasure, while it also offers a real wonder of nature. Named, as today "Pamukkale", this place is astonishingly beautiful, and unique in the world with its white travertine offering marvelous scenery.

The wide forests and numerous picnicking and camping areas here contribute to this natural and archaeological richness, while its position as a stopover between the major provinces like Izmir, Ankara and Antalya, increases the tourist attraction of Denizli. The thermal resorts also attract visitors to the provinces with their spring waters of therapeutic effects Gemezli, Cezmeli, Tekke and Kizildere are the main spa resorts, besides the thermal centers of Pamukkale and Karahayit.

   
   

Pamukkale (Hierapolis)

   
   

A miraculous site, unique and world famous for its fascinating formation of white petrified cascades is Pamukkale located 20 kms from Denizli.

This fairyland of "Cotton Castle" is a marvelous spectacle, created by a beautiful composition of cataracts, pools and stalactites. The grounds of white travertine gleam under the sun, as the waters flow mildly over.

Nearby is the ancient "Hierapolis" (the Holy City). Here stands a magnificent theater affording a wonderful view of the land below, and the Temple of Apollo, representing the Hellenistic period.

Since the earliest times of history, Pamukkale has been chosen for its therapeutic mineral waters. The site today is a fine spa-center with its warm pools and numerous facilities provided nearby.

   
   

Karahayit

   
   

To the northwest of Pamukkale, is Karahayit, another thermal center with curative waters of a high iron content. The specialty of this site is the interesting formation made by the water, with the most beautiful tones of glittering red. You will want to make this extraordinary scene eternal by taking some photographs, and the originality of the region is reflected on these photos.

Standing since the 3rd century AD, there exist aqueducts between Pamukkale and Karahayit a rendering an attractive place for sightseers, while thermal baths and camping grounds are also provided for all holiday makers.

   
   

Laodicea on the Lycus

   
   

   
   

Laodicea on the Lycus (Laodikeia) was an ancient city in Asia Minor, now Turkey, on the river Lycus (Çürüksu). It was located in the Hellenistic regions of Caria and Lydia, which later became the Roman Province of Phrygia Pacatiana. It is now situated near the modern city of Denizli.

Since 2002 archaeology has been continuing by Pamukkale University in Denizli followed by intensive restoration work.

In 2013 the archaeological site was inscribed in the Tentative List of World Heritage Sites in Turkey.

It contained one of the Seven churches of Asia mentioned in the Book of Revelation.

It lay on a major trade route and in its neighbourhood were many important ancient cities; it was 17 km west of Colossae, 10 km south of Hierapolis and 160 km east of Ephesus. It was situated in the ancient region of Phrygia, although some ancient authors place Laodicea in differing provincial territories, not surprising because the precise limits of these territories were both ill-defined and inconstant; for example, Ptolemy and Philostratus call it a town of Caria, while Stephanus of Byzantium describes it as belonging to Lydia.

 

The town was originally called Diospolis, "City of Zeus", and afterwards Rhodas. Excavations in the northern necropolis have shown that the settlement existed before the Hellenistic foundation and was inhabited by the native population.

Laodicea was founded on the site of the older town by Antiochus II Theos, king of the Seleucid Empire, in 261-253 BC in honour of his wife Laodice, together with several other cities of the same name. Laodicea soon became quite wealthy. In 220 BC, Achaeus declared himself king of the region but was defeated by Antiochus the Great in 213 BC. Antiochus transported 2,000 Jewish families to Phrygia from Babylonia. Many of Laodicea's inhabitants were Jews from this time, and Cicero records that Flaccus later confiscated the considerable sum of 9 kg of gold which was being sent annually to Jerusalem for the Temple.

After the Battle of Magnesia in 188 BC when the Romans defeated the Seleucids, the Treaty of Apamea was signed which gave control of the whole of western Asia Minor to the Kingdom of Pergamon. With the death of its last king, its territory was bequested to Rome in 133 BC. It received from Rome the title of free city. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under the dominion of Rome. Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, Laodicea benefitted from its advantageous position on a trade route and became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of Asia Minor, in which large money transactions and an extensive trade in black wool were carried out. Its renowned wealth is referred to in the Bible.

During the Roman period Laodicea was the chief city of a Roman conventus, which comprised 24 cities besides itself; Cicero records holding assizes there ca. 50 BC.

Strabo (64 BC - 24 AD) attributes the celebrity of the city to the fertility of the soil and the wealth of some of its inhabitants, amongst whom may have been Hiero of Laodicea, who adorned the city with many beautiful buildings and bequeathed to it more than 2000 talents at his death.

With its large Jewish community, Laodicea very early became a seat of Christianity and a bishopric. The Epistle to the Colossians mentions Laodicea as one of the communities of concern for Paul the Apostle. It sends greetings from a certain Epaphras from Colossae, who worked hard for the Christians of the three Phrygian cities of Colossae.

 

The existing remains attest to its former greatness. Its many buildings include a stadium, baths, temples, a gymnasium, two theatres and a bouleuterion (Senate House). On the eastern side, the line of the ancient wall may be distinctly traced, with the remains of the Ephesus gate; there are streets traversing the town, flanked by colonnades and numerous pedestals. North of the town, towards the Lycus, are many sarcophagi, with their covers lying near them, partly embedded in the ground, and all having been long since rifled.

The West theatre has been recently restored (2022) with virtually complete banks of stone seats. Originally built in the Hellenistic period, it held 8000 spectators and was used until the 7th c. AD.

   
   
   
   

About TransAnatolie

   
   

TransAnatolie Tour (Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator)

   
   
TransAnatolie Tour is a subgroup of Anadolu and is a Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator in Anatolia (Asia Minor) Turkey.

TransAnatolie Tour has the ambition and the capacity to be become one of the leading provider and operator of archaeological, historical, belief (biblical) and cultural heritage tours and specialty travel with high Quality of Service (QoS) concept.

TransAnatolie Tour develops its programs with a network of Specialists, who are well recognized, local, regional, national, and international professionals at the top of their fields. These Specialists share their knowledge, insights and vision providing an in-depth insiders understanding of what distinguishes a particular culture and what factors shaped its evolution.

TransAnatolie Tours are executed in five languages (Dutch, English, French, German and Turkish) with high QoS concept by Tourism Professionals of valuable experience, intelligence and high intellectual capacity.

TransAnatolie Tour executive and operations teams have been at the cutting edge of international tour (holiday) operations and specialty travel since 1990s, working with organizations, universities and museums to provide unique travel experiences, cultural and belief (biblical) tours (holidays/trips) to their memberships.

Multi-Lingual TransAnatolie Tour team members have many years of valuable experience in providing individuals and organizations with high quality cultural, historical, belief/biblical, archaeological, architectural tours and travel experiences with high quality of service (QoS).

TransAnatolie has immersed travelers in Anatolia's most fascinating ancient cultures and provided enriching travel experiences.

TransAnatolie (International Multi-Lingual Cultural Tour Operator) has also been in small boat cruises, building exciting travel packages around these unique vessels.

TransAnatolie is now expanding its distribution by making these high quality, unique travel products and programs available to the public. Supported by our international network of offices and affiliates worldwide, the aim of TransAnatolie Team of travel professionals and passionate program specialists is to make your next 'vacation' a truly rewarding travel experience.

   
   

TransAnatolie Tour is a member of

   
  • Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Licence No. 4938)

  • Ankara Chamber of Commerce (Trade registry under No. 54/1024)

  • Turkish-French Cultural Association

  • Turkish Association at the United Nations

  • Union of Turkish Tour Operators (TÜRSAB)

  • Union of Multi-Lingual Professional Tourism Guides (TUREB-ARED)

  • Ankara Cultural Tourism Association (BATUDER) 

  • Nigde Cultural Association 

  • Aksaray Cultural Association 

  • Arts & Cultural Association of Taspinar.

   
   

TransAnatolie info-webs (pages)

   
   
   
   

On these webs you will find background information about our company, our offices, our current job offers and more info about current and future products and services.

If you could not find the information you need on these pages and/or on our other pages, or for inquires please do not hesitate to contact us at:  info[at]transanatolie.com

   
   
TransAnatolie Tour
Multilingual Cultural Tour Provider and Operator
A - Group License N°4938 - The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism
 

 
   

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Last modified: 2022-11-16
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