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Bithynia

 

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  Bursa (Bithynia, Turkey, Green Bursa)

Known as "Green Bursa", this province stands on the lower slopes of Uludag (Mount Olympos of Mysia, 2543 m). The title "Green" of Bursa comes from its gardens and parks, and of course from its being in the middle of an important fruit growing region. In Bursa there are things you should not miss. First of all you are in the homeland of the delicious "Iskender Kebap". The candied chestnuts are a specialty and have an unforgettable taste. The peaches of Bursa are unique. As for something to purchase; Bursa is a center of the silk trade and towel manufacturing. It is also the homeland of the very famous Turkish folklore figures, Karagoz and Hacivat.

Because of its being the first Ottoman capital, Bursa is very rich in religious monuments, mosques, and tombs (turbes), baths. One of the places to be seen in Bursa is the Yesil Mosque (Green Mosque), with its carved marble doorway which is one of the best in Anatolia. It is an elaborate and significant building in the new Turkish style. Just opposite, is the Yesil Tomb "Green Tomb", set in a green garden with an enchanting exterior decorated with turquoise tiles. Near the tomb, the Medresse complements the others and makes this the "green" trio, now it houses the Ethnographical Museum which certainly deserves visiting. The Yildirim Beyazit Mosque is important as it is the first one built in the new Ottoman style and is accompanied by the Emir Sultan Mosque which lies in a peaceful setting. The province is decorated with these monuments-each of which is a masterpiece. Here are the Ulu Mosque built in the Seljuk style, with impressive calligraphic wall decorations; the Orhan Gazi Mosque; the "Hisar" an attractive part of the province, and in the park the Mausoleums of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, and his son Orhan Gazi. The Muradiye Complex has a delightful view with its mosque and tombs of important characters from the Ottoman era and their tiles and charming decorations appeal to the sightseers. The Ottoman Museum offers a lively exhibit of the traditional life style of Ottomans.

Something you will enjoy in Bursa are the warm, mineral-rich springs; indeed most of the hotels in this province have thermal bath facilities. The Turkish baths "hamam" are great places which should be visited in Bursa. The Eski Kaplica (Old Spring) is the oldest in the province. The Karamustafa Pasha Baths are famous, and boast the best hot, mineral waters.

As for souvenirs, you should visit the Covered Bazaar, "Bedesten", or the Koza Han-an attractive building and also a center of silk trade. It is certain that Bursa will take some of time for you to see and add some more delightful experiences to your memories.

Environs

Uludag is the largest and most celebrated winter-sports center in Turkey. It is 36 kms from Bursa and easily accessible by car or cable-car (teleferik). The area is also a national park and is worth a visit at any time of the year. The accommodation is high quality offering the opportunity to enjoy, with a variety of entertainment and sports activities.

Mudanya is a seaside resort town from fine fish restaurants and night-clubs there so you can have a pleasant

Zeytinbagi (Trilye) is a town of typical Turkish architecture and lay out. There are sea bus and ferry connections with Istanbul.

Gemlik (27 km north), is another seaside resort with a wide, sandy beach.

Iznik (Nicaea) lies 85 kms northeast of Bursa, at the eastern tip of Lake knik. The town has witnessed many civilizations which have left their marks all over the land. This town is famous for its unique tiles and has been the center of tile production in the 16th century. Iznik tiles were the basic decorative element of Seljuk and Ottoman architecture. The turquoise-tiled Yesil Mosque and Nilufer Hatun imareti are among the Islamic works in the town.

Time Line of Bithynia  

A people of Thracian origin, their pugnacity was legendary. They successfully repelled both Persian and Macedonian advances, but under a series of inept kings, they slowly fell under Roman sway. At a much later era, Bithynia was the heartland of Byzantine opposition to the Latin Empire in the 13th century (see Nicaea), and the cradle of Ottoman power, during the 14th century CE.

  • Far western Bithynia the site of ancient Ilium.
  • The ancient homeland of the Phrygians previous to 1200 BCE
  • To Persia.......................................c. 480-333
    • For Persian Satraps in this area, refer to Phrygia.
  • Northern portions independent under Bithynian Thracians, 430's-328, then core of Kingdom of Bithynia: see the next section within this entry, just below...
  • Southern portions to Macedon 333-328, then to Bithynia...
  • Kingdom of Bithynia Originally the northern portion of Hellespontine Phrygia, which broke free from Persian hegemony in the 430's, it emerged as the Kingdom of Bithynia after the demise of Alexander, and quickly absorbed the southern districts as indicated immediately above.
  • Doedalsus..........................................fl. c. 435
  • Botires
  • Bas................................................378-328
  • Ziboetes I.........................................328-c. 279
  • Nicomedes I.....................................c. 279-c. 255 opposed by...
  • Ziboetes II.....................................c. 279-c. 276
  • Etazeta (fem.)..........................................c. 255 with...
  • Ziboetes III...........................................c. 255
  • Ziaeias.........................................c. 255-c. 228
  • Prusias I Hol...................................c. 228-c. 185
  • Prusias II Kineg................................c. 185-149
  • Nicomedes II Epiphanes.............................149-128
  • Nicomedes III Euergetes............................128-94
  • Nicomedes IV Philopater.............................94-75/4 BCE
  • To Rome thereafter, but see also iznik.

  

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

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Last modified: 2016-08-27
 
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