Kocaeli is mostly known by its district center,
Izmit. The ancient name of the city is Nikomedia. Remains from Roman and
Byzantine times may be seen here, among which are the citadel, the Temple of
Augustus and the agora.
The city of Izmit is mainly an industrial center
with numerous industrial establishments surrounding the Gulf of Izmit. However,
there are also many touristic sites in this bustling province. Kartepe is a
winter-sports resort that reaches a height of 1600 m Kerpe and Kefken on the
Black Sea coast have fine beaches, while Golcuk and Karamursel in the Gulf of
Izmit, are other beautiful sea resorts.
At Arpalik near the Eskihisar village in the Gulf
of Izmit, there is a yacht berth place with a capacity of 60-80 yachts. Lake
Sapanca is another natural beauty, and a scenic place ideal for picnics. One of
the towns of Kocaeli is Hereke, where the very best Turkish carpets are
produced. The artistic carpets of Ottoman palaces were woven here. These carpets
are priceless and well-known all over the world.
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