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  Nicaea (iznik)

Modern Iznik, in Bithynia. This city served as the capital of Byzantine opposition to the Latin Empire established at Constantinople in 1204, and was the springboard from which the Paleologoi recaptured the Imperial City in 1261. A lesser-known but equally important role that this state played was that of containing Rum Seljuq aggression toward the Balkans for over two generations.

  • Lascaris
  • Constantine XI....................................1204-1205 and...
  • Constantine was proclaimed Emperor in Saint Sophia Cathedral as the city was falling to the Crusaders. He and numerous others evacuated across the Straits, where not much more is heard of him - his brother, Theodore quickly assumed leadership of the Byzantine refugees, first at Brusa and then at Nicaea.
  • Theodore I........................................1204-1222
  • VATATZES
  • John III..........................................1222-1254
  • LASCARIS
  • Theodore II.......................................1254-1258
  • John IV...........................................1258-1261 d. 1261? with...
  • PALEOLOGUS
  • Michael VIII......................................1258-1282
  • Michael succeeded in reconquering Constantinople in 1261, thus merging Nicaea once more with the Byzantine Empire.
  • This region was occupied shortly thereafter by the Uthmanli sept of the Oghuz, which in time grew to become the Ottoman Empire...
  

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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Last modified: 2016-08-27
 
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