TransAnatolie TA0601: Kubaba: 8 Day Cultural Tour in Turkey: Ankara,
Black See, Cappadocia Tour: Cultural Heritage Tour to Turkey: Kubaba &
Hittites, Amazones & Black See, St. John Paul & Cappadocia
Day 1: Europe – Ankara
Day 2: Ankara
Day 3: Ankara – Hattusas – Amasya (376 km)
Day 4: Amasya – Zile – Cekerek – Bogaziliyan – Cappadocia (330 km)
Day 5: Cappadocia
Day 6: Cappadocia-The Holy Land of Christianism following the Apocalypse
of St. J. Paul
Day 7: Cappadocia – Ankara (320 km)
Day 8: Ankara
TransAnatolie Tour: Multilingual Cultural Tour Provider and Operator.
Arrival in Ankara. Transfer to the 4 or 5 star high QoS hotel for the
welcome cocktail, dinner and overnight stay.
After breakfast at the buffet, our guide will lead us to the Anatolian
Civilizations Museum, prize-winning museum of the best Worldwide Museums
in 1995. This visit will be preceded by a conference on the Anatolian
civilisations. We then visit the old part of Ankara, the citadel, the
Konak Boyacizade, the Zenger Pacha Ethnografical Museum and the Spice
After lunch, we visit the Atatürk mausoleum and see his pictures
exhibition recalling the main moments of his life and of the
constitution of the Turkish Republic. We walk through the Atatürk
Forest, tasting ice creams, a specialty of Atatürk Farm then go back to
our 4 star hotel for dinner and overnight.
After breakfast we head towards the Kizilirmak Valley, up to the capital
of the Hittite Empire Hattusas and his pantheon Yazilikaya, now
registered as a National Historical Park. The main sites to be visited
date back from the last period of the great Hittite Empire. On the way
to the park, we can see the big temple at Asagi Sevir (temple n°1), the
city walls with the colossal doors (Gate Arsanli with its lions, Gate
Poterni and YER, Royal Gate Kral). In Yukari Sevir, we can admire the 31
temples built on the edge of Nisan Hill, and the Royal Palace, the Big
Castle and other buildings.
The open-air Temple of Yazilikaya, last remaining of the Hittite Empire
period is located at 5 km north-east of Bogazköy. It was made of two
rooms: the small and the large gallery, and was built taking advantage
of the natural placing of the local rocks. Goddesses cut from the living
rock are depicted on the right wall of the large gallery, while an image
of gods are shown on the left wall. Those two groups bring us to the
rear wall, the most important one, that shows us the meeting of the God
of Time Tesup and his wife Goddess Hepatu. In a local village, breakfast
will enable us to appreciate an Hittite menu, regional meal prepared
with spices dried by the wind of the High Hittite Plateau.
In the afternoon, we head up to Amasya, place of birth of the famous
geograph Strabon (1st century before JC) and centre of education for the
Ottoman princes. Our charmed hotel in Amasya, Apple-Tusan Grubu **** is
waiting for us. At sunset, hike trough Yesil Irmak Valley, taking
pictures of wooden houses Yolboyu of Amasya, known for their Ottoman
Dinner and overnight in our hotel.
After the breakfast at the buffet, we explore the city of Ferhat and
Sirin, also known under the name of ‘ City of the Crown’, Amasya.
Turkish Houses in Amasya. We admire the old houses, Hazeranlar Konagi,
the Ethnografical Museum, the royal rot-cut graves dig dating back from
the Hellenistic period, without forgetting the Castle of Amasya, the
Mosque with the turning minaret Burmali, the Bayezit II Mosque and its
medrese Kulliye, and the Medrese Gök, the bridges (Caglayan, Alcak, Kus),
Darussifa-Bimarhane (psychiatric hospital). The museum of Amasya, one of
the richest in Turkey, displays more than 27,000 objects, remainings
from 11 civilizations.
Lunch in a local restaurant.
Ottoman houses and a Pontic tomb in Amasya
In the afternoon we drive across Turhal-Zile, visiting the Zile Castle,
place of wars between the Roman and the Bridge inhabitants , also known
for the famous quotation of Julius Caesar: "Veni, Vidi, Vinci". Then we
head towards Cekerek, Sorgun and Bogaziliyan, and one of the most
spectacular landscapes in the world: Cappadocia.
Dinner and Overnight in our hotel ****: Burcu Kaya- Dinler- Tassaray-
After breakfast, we visit the old houses of Ürgüp. Start towards the
Rose Valley, the Camels Valley, the Valley of the Virgin Mary. Then we
enjoy a relaxing programme aiming at discovering different craft
industries (weaving and knotting of carpets), the nomad culture and
Lunch enables us to taste the Cömlek Kebab, specialty of the region in a
restaurant offering a beautiful view on the Kizilirmak River. In the
afternoon, we first visit the underground city of Ozkonak or Derinkuyu,
and we contemplate the strange and beautiful landscape of Cappadocia
with the old small village, so quiet and so pittoresk, of Mustafapasa,
known previously under the name of Sinasos. We continue by the valley of
Cemil-Taskinpasa-Soganli from the two regional architects, by the Hasan
and Erciyes volcanoes.
Let’s admire the hand-made poppies with linen in Soganli, and especially
the gloves and socks with Anatolian drawings.
Dinner and overnight in our hotel.
Hikes through the Valleys of the Three Cappadocian Graces, Üc Güzeller,
the Pigeon Valley, Uchisar, Avcilar. Stop in an Onyx fabrique. Lunch at
the hotel or at the buffet of the restaurant Koru.
In the afternoon, we visit the Göreme Valley, the open-air museum
surroundered by churches, admiring quietly at sunset the early Christian
art, the Byzantine Imperial art of those churches:Tokali-Elmali-St
Basilius, Yilanli-Sandal along with the monasteries of priests and
priestesses, a unique religious campus, the place where the apostles,
the first Christians, the fourty Cappadocian Great Fathers, Saint Paul,
Saint John, Saint Timothy, Saint Barnabe, Saint Naziane and Saint
Basilius were welcomed, took refuge and prayed.
Diner and overnight at the hotel.
After breakfast we take advantage of free time to walk over Pasabag, a
part of the famous Zelve Valley. We are in the country of ‘Moutons
retournés’. On the way to Kayseri, also known as Caesarea during the
Roman time, those who wish it can visit the leather factory.
Lunch enroute. Next to the Byzantine fortress, we can admire the Huant
Medrese, and its Archaeological Museum and the Mosque Honat Hatun. In
the south of this complex, we find Döner Kümbet, the very simple and
classic Seljukian Mausoleum ((1276), the first Seljukian school of
Anatomy and the Museum of Medical History Gevher Nesibe.
Let’s also admire the delicate Sahabiye Medrese and by walking across
the Central Place and Bedesten, the Large Mosque Ulu, overlooked by a
high minaret. We leave for Ankara, going through the High Plateau of
Dinner and overnight in our hotel.
After breakfast, some free time given to enjoy the city at your own
pace. Transfer to airport for return flight for a nostalgic departure
but eager to live again this experience.
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During the Cappadocia tour, a Turkish evening with
traditional dances and Mevlevi performance
Discovery of Cappadocia in hot air balloons.
8 days - 7 nights full pension
Transportation in Turkey
Lunches in traditional Turkish restaurants, one of the
best cuisines in the world.
All admission fees to the museums and sites mentioned
Insurance, Airport Tax
Drinks & Tips
Kubaba is the chief goddess of the Neo-Hittites, she became Cybebe to
the Phrygians and Cybele to the Romans. She was known as Kybele in
Kububa, holding a pomegranate in her right hand and a mirror in her
leftKubaba (in the Weidner "Chronicle"), also known as Kug-Baba or Kubau,
is the only queen on the Sumerian king list. Before overthrowing the
rule of En-Shakansha-Ana of the 2nd Uruk Dynasty and becoming monarch,
the king list says she was a tavern-keeper.
"The house of Kubaba" is mentioned "in the reign of Puzur-Nirah, king of
Akshak" (line 38) in the Weidner "Chronicle", a propagandistic letter
attempting to predate the shrine of Marduk to an early period: "Kubaba
gave bread to the fisherman and gave water, she made him offer the fish
to Esagila" (line 43). Her reign as the only "king" of the 3rd Dynasty
of Kish was one of peace and prosperity. Her reign is contemporary with
the "Early Dynastic III" period of Sumer. Her reign is listed to have
lasted for 100 years. If she is a historical ruler, she probably lived
in the 23rd to 25th century BC.
Shrines in her honour spread throughout Mesopotamia.In the Hurrian area
she may be identified with Kebat, or Hepat, one title of the Hurrian
Mother Goddess Hannahannah (from Hurrian hannah, "mother"). Abdi-Kheba
(= the servant of Kheba), was the palace mayor, ruling Jerusalem at the
time of the Amarna letters (1350 BC).
Kubaba became the tutelary goddess who protected the ancient Syrian city
of Carchemish on the upper Euphrates, in the late Hurrian – Early
Hittite period. Relief carvings, now at the Museum of Anatolian
Antiquities, Ankara, show her seated, wearing a cylindrical headdress
like the polos and holding a circular mirror in one hand and the poppy
capsule or pomegranate in the other. She plays a role in Luwian texts,
and a minor role in Hittite texts, mainly in Hurrian religious rituals.
According to Mark Munn (Munn 2004), her cult later spread and her name
was adapted for the main goddess of the Hittite successor-kingdoms in
Anatolia, which later developed into the Phrygian matar (mother) or
matar kubileya whose image with inscriptions appear in rock-cut
sculptures.The Phrygian goddess otherwise bears little resemblance to
Kubaba, who was a sovereign deity at Sardis, known to Greeks as Kybebe.
Turkey has a magnificent past, and is
a land full of archaeological, architectural, historical and cultural
treasures from thirteen successive
Ancient Anatolian Civilizations
spanning 10,000 years! Even if one spends only a short time in Turkey,
one gets by the Multi-lingual Cultural Tour Operator TransAnatolie Tour
the opportunity to discover and explore a lot of these cultural,
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practice Blue Cruise, Hobby Eco Nature & Wildlife Tourism as well as
From April to October, most places
in Turkey have an ideal climate that is perfect for relaxing on
sandy beaches or enjoying the tranquility of forests, mountains and
There is no doubt that one visit
will not be enough, and you would like to come back again and again
as you discover one extraordinary place after another. All of them,
no matter how different, have one thing in common: the friendly and
hospitable people of this unique country of civilizations.
Turkey offers, via TransAnatolie
Tour (Multilingual Cultural Tour Operator in Turkey and abroad), the
vacationer a complete change from the stress and routine of everyday
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