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Ancient Pontus

 

 

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Ancient Pontus

   
 

The northeast portion of Anatolia, alongside the Black Sea and extending into the interior. For a record of this region in mediaeval times, see Trabizond, below.

   
 

KASHKA (Gasgans) The Kashka were a warlike, nomadic people inhabiting northern Anatolia, particularly the region that later became known as Pontus. While not a Sea People per se, the Kashka invaded the Hittite empire in conjunction with Sea People raids on the southern tier of Hittite territory, and together with the early Phrygians smashed the Hittite state around 1200 BCE.

Pihhuniya..........................................fl. mid 1300's BCE

??

To Persia.......................................c. 550-333

ARTABAZID-MITHRIDATID.

Artabazus..................................c. 490-c. 470

Son of Artabazus...........................c. 470-c. 440

Ariobarzanes I.............................c. 440-c. 410

Mithridates I..............................c. 410-363

Ariobarzanes II...............................363-337

Mithridates II Ktistus.............................337-301

To Antigonus One-Eye (King in Asia Minor 305)......316-301

Kingdom of Pontus

Mithridates I......................................301-266/5

Ariobarzanes (III)...............................266/5-c. 250

Mithridates II..................................c. 250-c. 220

Mithridates III.................................c. 220-c. 185

Pharnaces I.....................................c. 185-c. 170

Mithridates IV Philopator Philadelphus..........c. 170-c. 150

Mithridates V Euergetus.........................c. 150-121/0

Mithridates VI Eupator...........................121/0-63 with...

Laodice..........................................121/0-115

Deiotarus of Galatia (Roman client)............63-47 d. 40

Pharnaces II (in Cimmerian Bosporus)................63-47

Pharnaces provides the role for one of history's better-remembered straight-men. He invaded his Anatolian homeland in 47, only to be catastrophically overwhelmed by Julius Caesar at Zeta. This Roman victory gave Caesar the opportunity to send the famously terse dispatch back to the Roman Senate "Veni, vidi, vici." (I came, I saw, I conquered).

To Roman Republic...................................63-39

  • Ariarates (VIII, King of Cappadocia 101-96)....47-39
  • Darius.........................................39-37
  • Polemon I (King of Bosporus 14-8 BCE)..........37-8
  • Pythodorida (fem.)...........................8 BCE-19 CE
  • Artaxias (Zeno)................................19-27

To the Roman Empire.................................23-38

  • Polemon II (King of Bosporus 38-39)............38-64

To the Roman Empire.................................64-395

To the Byzantine Empire............................395-1204

To Trabizond thereafter.

   
   

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Last modified: 2022-09-11
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