TransAnatolie Welcomes You  to TurkeyExplore Turkey via TransAnatolie Tour

 

 

 

En  Fr  De  Nl  Be  Tr

Antalya ] [ Antioch ] Burdur ] Cilicia ] Isparta ] Maras ] Mersin ]
Antioch

 

Up

  Hatay (Antakya, Antioch)

Antakya, the biblical Antioch, is situated on the Asi River (Orontes) in a fertile surrounding. Antakya was once the capital of the Seleucid kings and the life they lead in Antakya was renowned for its luxury and pleasures during Roman times. The city was the center of Christianity and had been visited by St.Barnabas, St.Paul and St.Peter. The city was also famous as a center of artistic, scientific and commercial activities.

The Hatay Museum deserves a particular interest, in that it houses one of the richest collections of Roman mosaics in the world.

A little outside the city is the holy site where St.Peter's Grotto is situated. The cave church is the place where St.Peter preached and founded the Christian community. It was declared as a holy place by Vatican in 1983. The Iron Gate of Antioch is to the south of the grotto among the ruins of the city. One can sense these far off times since little has changed since that time. The Castle of Antioch will give you a panoramic view over.

Antakya is steeped in history and mythology at every step Harbiye, 8 km. after Antioch, is the place where Apollo fell in love with Daphne and tried to have her, but Mother Earth, in order to save Daphne, turned her into an elegant tree. The site is full of these trees accompanying the orchid gardens, and waterfalls where you may have a pleasant meal. St. Pierre Church, Haron Carving are the main historical remains.

For both beach and sightseeing opportunities Samandag is perfect. Seleuica Pieria, 6 km south of Samandag, is the ancient city which was a busy port at the time when Paul and Barnabas made their first missionary journey from here. The Titus-Vespasianus Tunnel which was built to divert the rain waters, even by today's standard, is a superb example of engineering. Near by there are 12 rock tombs to be visited.

A drive to Kapisuyu village will provide you with a fascinating scene from the Zeus Temple. There is an excellent view from there of the harbor, sandy beach and fertile plain lying below.

There are many picnic and camping areas. Hunting, fishing and thermal springs' facilities are the other attractions.

Time Line of Antioch (Hatay) 

Located at the northeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea, at the point where the coast abruptly turns south towards Sinai. Founded in 300 BCE, it became the capital of the Seleucids. In later times, it continued to be a significant provincial city. See also, the Eastern Orthodox Patriarchs, the Jacobite Patriarchs , and the Melkite Patriarchs of Antioch.

  • Founded and made capital of the Seleucid Empire....301-145
  • To Egypt...............................................145
  • To the Seleucid Empire.............................145-83
  • To Armenia..........................................83-73
  • To the Seleucid State...............................73-64
  • To Armenia..........................................64-63
  • To the Roman Republic...............................63-27 BCE
  • To the Roman Empire.............................27 BCE-260 CE
  • To Persia..........................................260-261
  • To Palmyra.........................................261-272
  • To the Roman Empire................................272-395
  • To the Byzantine Empire............................395-637
    • Occupied by Persia...........................540, 611
  • To the Caliphate...................................637-969
  • To the Byzantine Empire............................969-1078
  • To Marash.........................................1078-1085
  • To the Rum Seljuqs................................1085-1086
  • To the Great Seljuqs..............................1086-1098
  • Principality of Antioch
  • De Hauteville
  • Mark Bohemond I...................................1098-1111
    • Tancred FitzRobert de Hauteville, Prince of Galilee, regent 1100-1103, 1108-1112. See also Edessa.
  • Bohemond II.......................................1111-1131
    • Roger FitzRichard de Salerno, regent 1112-1119
    • Baldwin de Rethel (Bourg) (K. Jerusalem 1118-31), regent 1119-26, 1130-31
  • Constance (fem.)...................................1131-1163 with...
    • Fulk de Anjou (K. of Jerusalem 1131-43), regent 1131-1136
  • Poitiers (Aquitaine)
  • Raymond I.........................................1136-1139 and then...
  • Chatillon
  • Reynald the Wolf (also held Krak des Moabites)....1153-1160
  • Poitiers (Aquitaine)
  • Bohemond III the Stammerer........................1163-1201 with...
  • Raymond I (II)....................................1193-1194 d. 1197
  • Bohemond IV One-Eye (in Tripoli 1187-1201)........1201-1205 d. 1233
  • Raymond II (III)..................................1205-1208 d. 1219
  • Bohemond IV One-Eye (restored)....................1208-1216 d. 1233
  • Raymond II (III) (restored)........................1216-1219
  • Bohemond IV One-Eye (re-restored).................1219-1233
  • Bohemond V (in Tripoli 1233-1251).................1233-1251
  • Bohemond VI (in Tripoli 1251-1275)................1251-1268 d. 1275
  • To Mamluk Egypt...................................1268-1517
  • To Ottoman Turkey.................................1517-1918
  • To France.........................................1918-1938
  • Republic of Hatay.................................1938-1939
  • To Turkey.........................................1939-


Aravelian

A principality within the ancient Kingdom of Armenia, in North-Eastern Anatolia. It was largely autonomous between 400 and 800 CE.

  • To Armenia.........................................384-c. 428
  • Phapag.............................................fl. c. 451 with...
  • Phabak and...
  • Varonden and...
  • Tal
  • To Persia.....................................c. 500 ?-c. 590
  • ?
  • To Persia..........................................628-654
    • Katchean......................................fl. c. 640
  • To the Caliphate...................................654-c. 860
  • To Armenia thereafter...



Arzawa

An ancient state, located in Western Anatolia. The exact location is unknown, but it was probably located in the vicinity of Ephesus. The populations was Luwian, and spoke an Indo-European language related to Hittite.

  • Kupanta-Kurunta....................................fl. c. 1430 BCE followed by...
  • Madduwatta of Zippasla
  • Tarhundaradus......................................fl. c. 1350
  • Anzapahhadu........................................fl. 1300's
  • Uhhaziti........................................... ? -1343/2
  • To the Hittites.................................1343/2-c. 1200 opposed by...
    • Piyama-Kurunda....................................1343/2
    • Tapalazunaulis....................................1342/1
    • Further non-Hittite rulers in this region, at various locales:
    • Kupanta-Kurunta (at Mira)..................fl. c. 1320 and...
    • Mashhiuiluwa (at Mira).....................fl. c. 1320 and...
    • Targashnalli (at Happalla).................fl. c. 1320
    • Manappa-Tarhunta (at Sheha)................fl. c. 1320
    • Mashturi (at Sheha)........................fl. c. 1280
    • Piyamaradu (capital unknown)...............fl. c. 1260
  • Destroyed by the Sea People c.1200 BCE
  • ??
  • Within Lydia...................................c. 1000-600's
  • Ardu...............................................fl. mid 600's
  • To Persia by 540, general western Anatolian sequence thereafter; see Ephesus.


Atarneus

An ephemeral Greek statelet in Asia Minor, centered around the polis of Assos in the Troad.

  • Tyrants of Assos
  • Eubolos the Banker............................c. 370's-350's
  • Hermeias the Eunuch...........................c. 350's-344
  • Hermeias was the eunuch slave of his predecessor. He was a student of Plato and a friend of Aristotle, who lived in Assos from 347-344 and married Hermeias' niece and adopted daughter.
  • To Persia..........................................344-333
  • To Macedon 333; See Trojan chronology thereafter.



Baluni

A principality of Armenia, in northeastern Anatolia, autonomous from around 400-800 CE

  • To Armenia.........................................384-c. 428
  • Varazchapuh........................................fl. c. 445
  • Arzak..............................................fl. c. 451 with...
  • Varazchapuh (II?)..................................fl. 451
  • Phapal.............................................fl. c. 480
  • To Persia.....................................c. 500 ?-c. 590
  • Varaz..............................................fl. c. 605
  • To Persia..........................................628-654
  • To the Caliphate...................................654-c. 860
  • To Armenia thereafter...
  

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Home ] Up ]

Mail to  info[at]transanatolie.com with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright © 1997 TransAnatolie. All rights reserved.
Last modified: 2016-08-27
 
Explore the Worlds of Ancient Anatolia and Modern Turkey by TransAnatolie Tour: Ancient Anatolia Explorer, Asia Minor Explorer, Turkey Explorer; Cultural Tour Operator, Biblical Tour Operator, Turkish Destinations, Cultural Tours to Turkey, Biblical Tours to Turkey, Health and Cultural Tours to Turkey, Thermal, Thalasso Holidays in Turkey,  Archaeological Tours to Turkey, Historical Tours to Turkey, Cultural Heritage Tours to Turkey, Cultural Tours to Turkey, Hobby Eco and Nature Tours Holidays to Turkey,  Beach and Plateau Holidays in Tuirkey, Anatolian Civilizations, Ancient Cultural Museums in Turkey, Top Turkish Museums, Museums in Turkey, Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Istanbul Archeological Museum, Ephesus Museum, Mevlana Museum, Topkapi Museum, Museum of Topkapi Palace, Turkish Cities, Turkish Destinations, Ancient Cities in Turkey, Ancient Anatolian Cities, Turkey in Brief, Turkish Culture, Turks, Turkish Language, Turkish Philosophers....Circuits culturels en Turquie, Excurcions en Turquie, Vacances en Turquie, Circuits de Culture en Turquie, Circuits de Croyance en Turquie, Turquie, Villes Antiques en Turquie, Musees en Turquie, Empires Turcs, Revolution de Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Turquie d'Ataturk, Culturele Tours in Turkije, Rondreizen in Turkije, Reizen naar Turkije, Culturele Rondreizen naar Turkije, Vakanties in Turkije, Groepsreizen naar Turkije, Turkije, Turkse  Geschiedenis, Geschiedenis van Turkije, Oude Steden in Turkije, Oude Beschavingen, Oude Anatolische Beschavingen, Turkse Steden, Turkse Musea, Musea in Turkije, Turkse Steden, Overzicht van Turkije, Turkije in het Kort, Turks, Turkse Taal, Turkse Gescheidenis, Osmaanse Rijk, Ottamaanse Rijk, Gezondheid Tours Vakanties in Turkije, Geloof Tours in Turkije, Culturele Tour Operator, Turkije Specialist 
 
The Association of Turkish Travel Agencies