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Summary by country

Table 5 summarizes the distribution of languages and their populations within the countries of the world. The Total column gives the total number of living languages used as a first language in that country, and Percent translates that to a percentage of all living languages in the world. No grand totals are given for these columns since the same language can be counted as being used in multiple countries. The next two columns break the total number into Indigenous languages versus Immigrant languages. The next three columns summarize populations: Count gives the total number of first-language speakers in that country, Mean gives the average size of a language group in that country, and Median gives the middle size of a language (that is, half are larger and half are smaller). The last two columns are explained in the next section diversity.

Table 5. Distribution of living languages by country

Country    Living languages Number of speakers Diversity
Total Percent Indigenous Immigrant Count Mean Median Index Coverage
Afghanistan 510.74 474 11,968,781 234,682 3,768 0.732 90%
Albania 70.10 70 3,385,000 483,571 60,000 0.257 86%
Algeria 220.32 184 24,859,164 1,129,962 40,000 0.313 64%
American Samoa 60.09 24 60,348 10,058 1,248 0.116 83%
Andorra 50.07 32 60,870 12,174 2,400 0.574 100%
Angola 410.59 410 11,018,012 268,732 39,403 0.785 93%
Anguilla 20.03 20 12,446 6,223 9460.140 100%
Antigua and Barbuda 40.06 22 68,970 17,242 1,600 0.057 75%
Argentina 390.56 2514 37,269,717 955,634 10,000 0.213 74%
Armenia 110.16 65 3,748,539 340,776 4,700 0.174 91%
Aruba 50.07 32 77,989 15,598 5,289 0.387 80%
Australia 2753.98 23144 16,781,815 61,025 150.126 90%
Austria 190.27 910 15,113,863 795,466 23,000 0.540 79%
Azerbaijan 350.51 1421 7,761,112 221,746 5,208 0.373 83%
Bahamas 40.06 22 295,131 73,783 20,000 0.386 100%
Bahrain 110.16 38 557,589 50,690 25,000 0.663 82%
Bangladesh 460.67 397 123,877,068 2,692,980 17,695 0.332 78%
Barbados 20.03 20 272,000 136,000 13,000 0.091 100%
Belarus 90.13 18 8,797,031 977,448 231,000 0.397 89%
Belgium 280.41 919 12,304,650 439,452 63,600 0.734 71%
Belize 120.17 84 179,582 14,965 8,455 0.693 67%
Benin 550.80 541 6,449,442 117,263 62,000 0.901 96%
Bermuda 10.01 10 58,800 58,800 58,800 0.000 100%
Bhutan 310.45 247 657,528 21,211 8,000 0.846 74%
Bolivia 390.56 363 8,498,022 217,898 1,300 0.680 95%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80.12 44 5,323,000 665,375 400,000 0.416 75%
Botswana 370.54 289 1,450,888 39,213 6,000 0.444 78%
Brazil 2002.89 18812 165,836,223 829,181 2700.032 92%
British Indian Ocean Territory 10.01 10 3,500 3,500 3,500 0.000 100%
British Virgin Islands 20.03 20 21,730 10,865 2,000 0.167 100%
Brunei 190.27 172 341,573 17,978 6,566 0.456 79%
Bulgaria 160.23 115 9,117,720 569,858 11,000 0.224 81%
Burkina Faso 691.00 681 11,019,638 159,705 24,000 0.773 94%
Burundi 40.06 31 4,609,456 1,152,364 2,200 0.004 100%
Cambodia 240.35 213 13,204,056 550,169 5,286 0.157 92%
Cameroon 2804.05 2791 9,638,055 34,422 8,500 0.942 96%
Canada 1452.10 8560 27,388,756 188,888 2,353 0.549 81%
Cape Verde Islands 20.03 20 408,760 204,380 14,817 0.070 100%
Cayman Islands 30.04 12 42,974 14,325 20,000 0.547 100%
Central African Republic 791.14 6910 3,404,818 43,099 15,000 0.960 95%
Chad 1331.92 1321 5,909,406 44,432 11,828 0.950 93%
Chile 120.17 93 14,041,312 1,170,109 2,000 0.034 67%
China 2413.49 2356 1,226,606,396 5,089,653 30,000 0.491 98%
Colombia 831.20 803 34,521,390 415,920 8760.030 92%
Comoros 80.12 71 523,314 65,414 1,700 0.551 75%
Congo 660.95 624 2,935,116 44,471 9,599 0.820 91%
Cook Islands 60.09 51 21,619 3,603 6830.379 100%
Costa Rica 130.19 94 3,385,392 260,415 4,500 0.050 77%
Côte d'Ivoire 921.33 7814 9,220,274 100,220 26,448 0.917 87%
Croatia 80.12 62 5,025,365 628,171 22,810 0.087 75%
Cuba 40.06 22 10,003,500 2,500,875 3,500 0.001 50%
Cyprus 60.09 42 759,040 126,507 2,740 0.366 67%
Czech Republic 90.13 81 10,372,655 1,152,517 33,500 0.069 89%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2163.12 2142 37,945,510 175,674 26,000 0.948 93%
Denmark 140.20 86 5,132,600 366,614 10,000 0.051 64%
Djibouti 60.09 51 660,247 110,041 52,000 0.592 83%
Dominica 30.04 30 52,800 17,600 10,000 0.313 100%
Dominican Republic 80.12 44 7,079,500 884,938 8,000 0.053 75%
East Timor 190.27 190 531,480 27,973 20,000 0.897 95%
Ecuador 250.36 232 11,139,315 445,573 4,000 0.264 96%
Egypt 210.30 1110 69,089,400 3,289,971 100,000 0.509 76%
El Salvador 70.10 52 5,912,816 844,688 5000.004 71%
Equatorial Guinea 140.20 140 355,164 25,369 5,000 0.453 93%
Eritrea 180.26 126 2,965,000 164,722 107,000 0.749 61%
Estonia 160.23 214 1,467,370 91,711 1,610 0.476 94%
Ethiopia 861.24 842 53,388,969 620,802 23,785 0.843 98%
Falkland Islands 10.01 10 1,991 1,991 1,991 0.000 100%
Fiji 200.29 1010 809,457 40,473 4,929 0.607 65%
Finland 230.33 1211 5,077,028 220,740 4,500 0.140 74%
France 660.95 2937 59,861,314 906,990 50,000 0.272 62%
French Guiana 150.22 105 70,492 4,699 8000.480 80%
French Polynesia 110.16 92 192,758 17,523 3,400 0.596 91%
Gabon 410.59 410 609,423 14,864 6,000 0.919 93%
Gambia 220.32 913 1,113,325 50,606 12,600 0.748 73%
Georgia 240.35 1212 6,133,146 255,548 38,000 0.576 96%
Germany 691.00 2742 83,674,659 1,212,676 26,000 0.189 65%
Ghana 831.20 794 20,119,660 242,406 30,000 0.805 87%
Gibraltar 30.04 21 6,200 2,067 2,900 0.498 67%
Greece 240.35 1410 10,865,640 452,735 20,000 0.175 79%
Greenland 20.03 20 55,630 27,815 7,830 0.242 100%
Grenada 30.04 30 92,277 30,759 2,300 0.064 100%
Guadeloupe 40.06 40 449,500 112,375 7,300 0.084 100%
Guam 80.12 26 121,800 15,225 24,000 0.640 62%
Guatemala 540.78 540 9,141,619 169,289 33,800 0.691 96%
Guinea 380.55 344 6,647,526 174,935 13,000 0.748 79%
Guinea-Bissau 250.36 214 1,439,995 57,600 8,170 0.853 88%
Guyana 190.27 163 677,164 35,640 4750.078 68%
Haiti 20.03 20 6,965,149 3,482,574 6000.000 100%
Honduras 130.19 103 5,763,764 443,366 9940.056 92%
Hungary 210.30 129 11,234,528 534,978 21,000 0.158 62%
Iceland 30.04 30 232,250 77,417 2,250 0.019 67%
India 4276.18 41512 943,283,395 2,209,095 28,600 0.930 94%
Indonesia 74210.73 7375 218,607,876 294,620 3,500 0.846 97%
Iran 791.14 754 73,367,033 928,697 80,000 0.797 68%
Iraq 250.36 214 22,595,945 903,838 40,000 0.666 88%
Ireland 50.07 50 2,966,000 593,200 100,000 0.223 80%
Israel 480.69 3315 8,668,332 180,590 45,000 0.665 83%
Italy 420.61 339 88,717,451 2,112,320 50,626 0.593 86%
Jamaica 60.09 33 2,680,636 446,773 5,000 0.011 67%
Japan 160.23 151 122,801,150 7,675,072 5,000 0.028 75%
Jordan 150.22 96 5,028,193 335,213 10,000 0.484 80%
Kazakhstan 430.62 736 15,169,608 352,782 22,871 0.701 81%
Kenya 640.93 613 26,408,109 412,627 112,000 0.901 94%
Kiribati 30.04 21 59,312 19,771 5000.033 100%
Korea, North 10.01 10 20,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000 0.000 100%
Korea, South 40.06 22 42,063,600 10,515,900 63,600 0.003 50%
Kuwait 70.10 34 819,358 117,051 85,000 0.556 71%
Kyrgyzstan 320.46 329 5,060,314 158,135 14,000 0.670 84%
Laos 861.24 824 5,387,373 62,644 6,000 0.678 95%
Latvia 120.17 57 2,586,615 215,551 40,000 0.595 92%
Lebanon 90.13 63 4,266,500 474,056 18,000 0.161 89%
Lesotho 60.09 51 2,079,000 346,500 43,000 0.260 67%
Liberia 310.45 301 2,463,817 79,478 47,000 0.912 94%
Libya 140.20 95 5,409,186 386,370 7,000 0.362 71%
Liechtenstein 40.06 31 31,100 7,775 1,300 0.128 75%
Lithuania 110.16 47 3,675,303 334,118 45,000 0.339 73%
Luxembourg 60.09 33 447,800 74,633 13,100 0.498 100%
Macedonia 100.14 91 2,320,467 232,047 120,000 0.566 70%
Madagascar 150.22 132 10,571,000 704,733 350,000 0.656 93%
Malawi 220.32 148 10,314,480 468,840 170,000 0.519 68%
Malaysia 1472.13 1407 15,676,135 106,640 3,677 0.758 87%
Maldives 20.03 11 284,096 142,048 1,400 0.010 100%
Mali 540.78 504 9,031,529 167,251 50,000 0.876 89%
Malta 30.04 30 302,400 100,800 2,400 0.016 67%
Marshall Islands 20.03 20 44,500 22,250 6000.027 100%
Martinique 30.04 21 427,784 142,595 9,000 0.043 100%
Mauritania 90.13 63 2,725,734 302,859 30,000 0.172 78%
Mauritius 130.19 67 1,157,798 89,061 31,000 0.641 85%
Mayotte 40.06 40 137,000 34,250 2,744 0.459 100%
Mexico 2974.30 2916 92,701,909 312,128 5,000 0.135 97%
Micronesia 190.27 181 110,053 5,792 1,631 0.792 95%
Moldova 130.19 58 4,399,547 338,427 138,000 0.589 69%
Monaco 30.04 30 27,000 9,000 5,100 0.521 100%
Mongolia 150.22 132 2,869,750 191,317 27,000 0.331 67%
Montserrat 20.03 20 7,674 3,837 1000.026 100%
Morocco 100.14 91 26,448,925 2,644,892 80,000 0.466 80%
Mozambique 430.62 430 16,210,221 376,982 150,000 0.929 95%
Myanmar 1131.63 1085 46,627,310 412,631 21,000 0.521 88%
Namibia 360.52 288 1,154,615 32,073 12,000 0.808 69%
Nauru 90.13 36 10,009 1,112 7140.596 67%
Nepal 1251.81 1232 22,983,905 183,871 6,533 0.742 94%
Netherlands 380.55 1523 15,913,060 418,765 45,000 0.389 58%
Netherlands Antilles 60.09 42 210,000 35,000 4,000 0.266 100%
New Caledonia 410.59 392 147,491 3,597 9470.834 100%
New Zealand 210.30 318 3,391,096 161,481 3,965 0.102 71%
Nicaragua 70.10 70 4,538,124 648,303 30,000 0.081 71%
Niger 210.30 210 9,230,862 439,565 30,000 0.646 100%
Nigeria 5167.47 5106 90,026,548 174,470 12,000 0.870 89%
Niue 30.04 21 2,105 70278 0.071 67%
Norfolk Island 10.01 10 1,678 1,678 1,678 0.000 100%
Northern Mariana Islands 70.10 43 26,805 3,829 4,400 0.642 57%
Norway 210.30 1110 177,168 8,437 5,000 0.657 67%
Oman 210.30 138 1,554,063 74,003 22,000 0.693 76%
Pakistan 771.11 725 137,566,712 1,786,581 50,000 0.762 87%
Palau 50.07 41 15,447 3,089 6000.077 60%
Palestinian West Bank and Gaza 60.09 42 1,812,000 302,000 10,000 0.208 67%
Panama 180.26 144 2,580,472 143,360 3,000 0.324 72%
Papua New Guinea 82011.86 8200 3,665,383 4,470 1,196 0.990 100%
Paraguay 260.38 206 5,815,850 223,687 6,705 0.347 100%
Peru 941.36 931 25,447,086 270,714 5,000 0.376 96%
Philippines 1802.60 1719 70,556,507 391,981 16,043 0.849 96%
Pitcairn 10.01 10 4646 460.000 100%
Poland 170.25 116 37,704,010 2,217,883 38,000 0.060 71%
Portugal 80.12 71 10,110,539 1,263,817 15,000 0.022 88%
Puerto Rico 130.19 310 3,525,391 271,184 1,556 0.049 54%
Qatar 60.09 33 205,250 34,208 19,950 0.608 83%
Réunion 60.09 33 573,900 95,650 8,000 0.066 67%
Romania 230.33 158 21,706,330 943,753 21,482 0.168 83%
Russia 1291.87 10128 139,356,854 1,080,286 10,000 0.283 91%
Rwanda 50.07 32 6,504,952 1,300,990 2,300 0.004 80%
Saint Helena 10.01 10 5,400 5,400 5,400 0.000 100%
Saint Kitts and Nevis 20.03 20 39,200 19,600 2000.010 100%
Saint Lucia 20.03 20 159,778 79,889 1,600 0.020 100%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 30.04 21 5,502 1,834 2000.134 100%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 30.04 21 138,600 46,200 4000.009 100%
Samoa 20.03 20 199,577 99,788 2000.002 100%
San Marino 20.03 20 45,112 22,556 20,112 0.494 100%
São Tomé e Príncipe 50.07 41 91,450 18,290 5,000 0.389 100%
Saudi Arabia 200.29 515 16,057,746 802,887 60,000 0.609 90%
Senegal 410.59 365 9,479,825 231,215 16,700 0.772 90%
Serbia and Montenegro 140.20 113 12,953,366 925,240 80,000 0.359 71%
Seychelles 30.04 30 75,278 25,093 1,601 0.067 100%
Sierra Leone 250.36 241 4,739,450 189,578 85,000 0.817 88%
Singapore 300.43 219 2,619,376 87,313 10,000 0.748 83%
Slovakia 120.17 102 5,898,350 491,529 50,000 0.307 67%
Slovenia 100.14 46 1,908,637 190,864 4,022 0.174 80%
Solomon Islands 701.01 700 354,001 5,057 2,767 0.965 99%
Somalia 130.19 130 8,616,834 662,833 29,726 0.179 77%
South Africa 350.51 2411 41,151,149 1,175,747 250,000 0.869 71%
Spain 200.29 137 38,801,740 1,940,087 25,000 0.438 70%
Sri Lanka 70.10 70 16,317,876 2,331,125 50,000 0.313 86%
Sudan 1341.94 1340 23,492,482 175,317 16,000 0.587 90%
Suriname 200.29 164 628,827 31,441 7,008 0.788 75%
Swaziland 40.06 40 745,000 186,250 76,000 0.228 75%
Sweden 320.46 1517 8,581,331 268,167 10,000 0.167 81%
Switzerland 260.38 1214 6,570,769 252,722 53,000 0.547 62%
Syria 180.26 153 12,850,000 713,889 30,000 0.503 78%
Taiwan 270.39 225 22,057,144 816,931 4,750 0.488 81%
Tajikistan 330.48 924 4,816,568 145,957 6,000 0.482 82%
Tanzania 1281.85 1271 25,837,668 201,857 87,000 0.965 90%
Thailand 831.20 749 53,478,502 644,319 20,000 0.753 75%
Togo 420.61 393 3,978,381 94,723 40,000 0.897 90%
Tokelau 20.03 20 1,445 72240 0.054 100%
Tonga 30.04 30 97,024 32,341 6900.014 67%
Trinidad and Tobago 70.10 61 74,333 10,619 4,100 0.696 100%
Tunisia 100.14 64 9,052,498 905,250 3,000 0.012 80%
Turkey 450.65 3411 55,100,539 1,224,456 25,000 0.289 78%
Turkmenistan 270.39 324 4,419,733 163,694 5,289 0.386 93%
Turks and Caicos Islands 20.03 20 11,650 5,825 9200.145 100%
Tuvalu 20.03 20 11,540 5,770 8700.139 100%
U.S. Virgin Islands 40.06 22 65,308 16,327 4,444 0.339 100%
Uganda 460.67 433 17,009,328 369,768 200,000 0.928 89%
Ukraine 390.56 1029 46,450,195 1,191,031 24,000 0.492 79%
United Arab Emirates 360.52 729 1,773,641 49,268 5,000 0.777 75%
United Kingdom 550.80 1243 59,301,657 1,078,212 30,000 0.139 82%
Uruguay 110.16 29 3,150,200 286,382 28,000 0.092 55%
USA 3114.50 162149 262,740,392 844,824 7000.353 73%
Uzbekistan 400.58 733 22,066,002 551,650 29,000 0.428 85%
Vanuatu 1151.66 1096 119,759 1,041 4000.972 98%
Vatican State 10.01 10 1,000 1,000 1,000 0.000 100%
Venezuela 460.67 406 21,763,459 473,119 6500.026 78%
Viet Nam 1041.50 1022 75,259,890 723,653 13,500 0.234 87%
Wallis and Futuna 30.04 30 13,337 4,446 3,600 0.407 100%
Yemen 140.20 86 15,720,307 1,122,879 70,643 0.579 71%
Zambia 440.64 413 10,673,160 242,572 74,800 0.855 84%
Zimbabwe 210.30 192 15,795,670 752,175 137,000 0.526 76%

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