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Montenegro

 

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2. MONTENEGRO
Danilo I PetrovicPrince-Bishop,
1697-1737
Sava1737-1756
d.1782
VasiliCoadjutor,
1756-1766
Stephen
the Little
Coadjutor,
1766-1774
SavaCoadjutor,
1774-1782
Peter I1782-1830
Peter II1830-1851
Danilo II1851-1860
Nicholas1860-1910
King,
1910-1918,
d.1921
Union with Yugoslavia, 1918
 
Possessing one of the oldest traditions of local autonomy under the Turks, and a charming Italian version of its name (for the "Black Mountain," Qara Dagh in Turkish and Crna Gora in Serbo-Croatian), in the 20th century Montenegro was nevertheless overshadowed by its ethnic big brother, Serbia. After World War I, King Nicholas was thrown out so that Montenegro could join Yugoslavia. And when Yugoslavia collapsed, Montenegro was the only former Yugoslav republic to stick with Serbia. Religiously and lingustically this is understandable, but the Montenegrans are ambivalent about the present Serbian government, neither entirely sympathetic nor entirely unsympathetic. Since Montenegro represents Serbia's only access to the sea, through the historic port of Kotor (Cattaro in Italian, obtained from Austria after World War I), the fear is that, should the Montenegrans decide to go their own way, the Serbs would use force, with enough local support to make resistance abortive. The title of the orignal "Prince-Bishops" of Montenegro, vladika, means "lord, sovereign" or "archbishop."

 

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