of Antakya Archaeological Museum (also known as Hatay Archaeological
Museum) started in 1934 on the recommendation of the French
archaeologist, M. Prost. It was completed in 1938. In 1939 the
province of Hatay was united with Turkey. The museum came under
Turkish control. It was reorganized and reopened in 1948. In 1975
the Antakya Archaeological Museum was opened after modern
Hatay has a rich collection of mosaics. The works in the museum are
arranged according to where they were found. There are objects found
by excavations carried out by the London British Museum, the Chicago
Oriental Institute and Princeton University. Excavations are carried
out at barrows and ruins such as Guneyde, Dehep, Catalhoyuk, Tainat,
Mina, Ac-ana, Defne-Harbiye and so on. There is also a collection of
objects from Antakya and its surrounding regions. The works are
exhibited in the 7 rooms and 2 halls of the museum.
Statues and mosaics date from the second to fifth centuries AD. They
are found in Defne, Harbiye, Samandagi, Antakya and Tarsus. The most
famous figures among those depicted by the mosaics are the drunken
Dionysas, Orpheus, Dancers, Ariadne Abandoned and Yakto. Column
capitals, sacrificial altar, an idol, a bas-relief, a fresco and
statues date from the Hittites to Roman periods. They were found by
excavations in barrows in the plain of Amik.
Mosaics and statutes date from the
Roman period (first to fourth centuries AD). They were found in
excavations at Defne - Harbiye, Antakya and Samandag.
Mosaics, grave steles and statues are found at the sites of several
ruins in the province of Hatay. In the show cases are various small
stone and pottery objects found in barrows. In the seventh room is
an exhibition of examples that reflect the art and culture of the
region. They were from the Paleolithic Age up till the present day.
The objects are displayed in wall niches. Against the other walls of
the room are cases in which are displayed a coin collection arranged
Exhibited in nine cases in the
Treasury Room is women's jewelry from various different periods.
They were made of gold and other valuable metals.
Besides the exhibition rooms, there is a room for temporary
exhibitions, a conference hall, a laboratory, depots and offices. In
the garden of the museum are Roman period sarcophagi, building
stones, water jars etc.
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