Situated at the town of Kemerhisar, 4 km south of Bor
and on the main route south from Cappadocia to the Cilician Gates, is the
Hellenistic and Roman site of Tyana. In later times the city was the seat of
a bishop, and it was an important staging point in the Crusaders' march
south. This is also the site of Hittite Tuwanuwa
but most evidence of the
2nd and 1st millennia BC occupation was destroyed by Roman building
activities. Since 2001 the site has been excavated by Guido Rosada.
In 2004 the main area of investigation was the Roman baths.
In 2003 the frigidarium, tepidarium, caldarium, profenium and wood store
were excavated, and work in these areas was completed in 2004. The
north-east section of the baths lies below modern houses and so the building
could not be completely cleared. The hypocausts are only 0.6 m apart; the
hypocaust disks were restored. The baths had gone out of use by the 4th
century AD and the area was used for glass production. The water channel to
the baths was destroyed when the galleries were created in the 8th/9th
century, at the time of the invasions of the Arabs.
The basilica thermatorum showed two phases with, in the
second phase, an extension to the west towards the pool. The aqueduct was
also investigated and work will continue on it.
The excavation website is at
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