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Malatya

 

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  Malatya

Malatya is situated at the foot of the antiTaurus Mountains, and is an agricultural, industrial and stockbreeding center of Eastern Anatolia. The fertile plain is famous for its apricot growing and many delicious confections are made from it. This province was called "Maldiya" in ancient times, taking its name from the Hittite language. It is located 670 kms east of Ankara, and the two small towns outside the city constitute the most important sites for visiting. Aslantepe, at a distance of 7 kms, was once the capital of a Hittite state and dates back to the first millenium BC. It is the city carrying the old Hittite traditions and styles, and inside the city walls a palace has been found, with statues and reliefs, which are examples of the artistic works of that age.

Battalgazi, 9 kms from Malatya, is an ancient city of the Byzantine period, known as "Melitene" in those times. The city walls of this medieval center were constructed by the Byzantines. Inside the town, there is the Ulu Mosque of 1247 which was built by the Seljuks, reflecting their distinct architectural style.

The archaeological finds from Malatya are housed in the city museum, including new artifacts found in the lower Euphrates region, dating to the Neolithic and Calcholithic Ages. Next to this museum, there is a nice and original bazaar. Copper objects are sold along an entire street here, and it is a nice shopping place which will add color to your holiday.

Time Line of Melitene (Malatya)  

In Central-Eastern Turkey; the site of a post-Hittite Kingdom in very early times, and of a small Ghazi state during the Middle Ages.

  • To the Hittite Empire..........................c. 1800-c. 1200
  • Kingdom of Milid - a Hittite successor state
  • Pugnus-mili I (Son of Kuzi-Teshub of Carchemish)...fl. c. 1165
  • Runtiyas
  • Arnuwantis I
  • Pugnus-mili II
  • Arnuwantis II......................................fl. c. 1090
  • Allumari...........................................fl. c. 1090
  • Taras
  • Wala-Runtiyas
  • Halpasulupis
  • Suwarmis
  • Maratis
  • Sahwis ?
  • [Sa ?]tiRuntiyas
  • Lalli..............................................853-835
  • Sulumeli
  • Menuas
  • Sharuhi
  • Argishti
  • Hilaruadari.................................fl. c. 782-760
  • Sulumeli...........................................743-732
  • Gunzinanu..............................................722
  • Tarhunazi.......................................... ? -712
  • Muwatali of Kumuh..................................712-708
  • Sarrugin...........................................fl. c. 708
  • Mugallu............................................fl. c. 675
  • ---ussi............................................fl. c. 642
  • To Assyria.........................................642-609
  • To Babylonia.......................................609-539
  • To Persia..........................................546-333
  • To Macedon.........................................333-305
  • To the Kingdom of Antigonus........................305-301
  • To the Seleucid Empire.............................301-240
  • To Egypt...........................................240-194
  • To the Seleucid Empire.............................194-145
  • To Egypt...............................................145
  • To the Seleucid Empire.............................145-83
  • To Armenia..........................................83-63
  • To the Roman Republic...............................63-27
  • To the Roman Empire.............................27 BCE-260 CE
  • To Persia..........................................260-261
  • To the Roman Empire................................261-395
  • To the Byzantine Empire............................395-637
    • Occupied by Persia...........................540, 611
  • To the Caliphate...................................637-868
  • To Egypt...........................................868-896
  • To the Caliphate...................................896-935
  • To the Byzantine Empire............................935-1071
  • To the Seljuqs....................................1071-1080
  • To Amida..........................................1080-1086
  • To the Rum Seljuqs................................1086-c. 1090
  • An Armenian dynast
  • Gabriel......................................c. 1090 ?-1103
  • To Sivas..........................................1103-c. 1142
  • Emirate of Malatya
  • Danishmendid
  • Ain ad-Daula...................................c. 1142-1152
  • Dhu'l-Qarnain.....................................1152-1160
  • Disputed zone between Sivas and the Rum Seljuqs...1160-1162
  • Nasr ad-Din Muhammad..............................1162-1170 d. 1178
  • Fakhr ad-Din......................................1170-1172
  • Afridun...........................................1172-1175
  • Nasr ad-Din Muhammad (restored)...................1175-1178
  • To the Rum Seljuqs................................1178-1243
  • To the Persian Il-Khanate.........................1243-1337
  • Dhu'l-Qadr
  • Zain ad-Din Karaja Beg............................1337-1353
  • Ghars ad-Din Khalil...............................1353-1386
  • Sha'ban Suli......................................1386-1398
  • Sadaqa............................................1398-1399
  • Nasr ud-Din Muhammad..............................1399-1442
  • Suleiman Beg......................................1442-1454
  • Malik Arslan Beg..................................1454-1465
  • Shah Budaq.............................................1465 d. 1479
  • Shah Suwar........................................1465-1472
  • Shah Budaq (restored).............................1472-1479
  • 'Ala ud-Dawlah Buzqurd............................1479-1515
  • 'Ali Beg..........................................1515-1522
  • To the Ottoman Empire thereafter...
  

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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Last modified: 2016-08-27
 
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