Eskisehir is one of the oldest settlements (3500
BC) in this region. It was founded in the 3rd millenium BC by the Phrygians
along the banks of the Porsuk River and its banks. The city has many places of
interest; the Archaeological Museum which houses the Phrygian objects and
sculptures; the Ottoman House Museum which is a very fine example of the 19th
century local architecture and has many local ethnographical items. There are
three significant tombs around Eskisehir: the Sheik Edibali Tomb, the Kumbet
Baba Tomb, and the Cupola of Alemsah. The Phrygian Valley, the Falcon Fortress,
the Unfinished Monument, and the Gerdek Rock are other historical sites to
visit. In Eskisehir you will frequently see items made of meerschaum since this
is the place where it originates You will see the best meerschaum stone works at
the Meerschaum Museum. The Rug and Seyitgazi Museums have many examples of
different kinds of kilims and hand-knit and stockings.
In Eskisehir it is possible to have good time at
Sakaryabasi where there is a spring lake and fresh fish restaurants.
Outside Eskisehir is Sivrihisar (Justinianopolis),
full of typical Ottoman houses and famous for its kilims. Seyit Battal Gazi (Nakoleia)
is 45 kms south of Eskisehir. The mosque complex on the hill was built to pay
homage to the Islamic hero Seyit Battal.
The Yunus Emre Village is the burial place of the
world famous poet of the 13th century, Yunus Emre. There is a commemorative tomb
built for him as well as a museum, and celebrations are held here every May.
"Birth Festivities" which are dedicated to
Nasreddin Hoca, a humor master and folk philosopher, is organized in Eskisehir
every year in the last week of June.
117 kms from Ankara, on the Eskisehir road and 16
kms to the right you will find the Phrygian city, Pessinus, its contemporary
name is Ballihisar. There you will see the Temple of Cybele - the mother
goddess, and an open-air museum housing interesting sculptures found in this
ancient Phrygian cult center, which was built in the 10th century BC.
One of the most important settlement centers of
the Phrygians, between the 8th- and 6th-centuries BC, was Midas, situated 66 kms
south of Eskisehir.
At this place of distant past, stands the ancient
city with an acropolis overlooking the lower land. On its northwestern side are
two open-air cult temples, carved into the rock, and the most interesting sight
in the area. There are rock tombs and Phrygian inscriptions nearby, and a
recently discovered underground tunnel which links the site to the valley
extending below. The Midas Monument which was built in dedication to Cybele lies
to the northwest of the ancient city.
Three tombs in the environs of Midas which were
found at Kucuk Yazilikaya, Sutunlu Kale and Doganli Kale are especially
remarkable,. Kumbet and Deveboynu are the other towns close to Midas, and
visitors can enjoy the Phrygian monuments spread over these neighboring lands
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